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Few children are born with heart defects known as known as congenital heart defects, for which surgery / treatment is required. Paediatric Cardiac Surgery deals with operative procedures in the new-born children and youngsters suffering from cardiac dysfunctions, structural, functional and rhythm-related issues of the heart.
Congenital heart disease is a cause of improper growth of the heart or blood vessels before birth.
The Paediatric cardiology department of chosen hospital will offer all non-invasive diagnostic and paediatric cardiac interventional services. The diagnostic modalities include foetal echocardiography, echocardiography, Holter, CT and MR angiography as well as diagnostic cardiac catheterisation. In this department Cardiologists, Surgeons, anaesthesiologists and other specialists work together to care of children suffering from cardio-vascular disorders.
There are a number of Paediatric Cardiology Surgeries such as balloon atrial septostomy, Valvuloplasty, Ventricular Septal Defect and Atrial Septal Defect, etc. The Major are:
Balloon Atrial Septostomy (BAS): In this procedure a hole is made between between the right atrium and the left atrium. It is often used to manage patients with transposition of the great arteries. Here the larger hole improves oxygenation of the blood.
Valvuloplasty/Angioplasty: Valvuloplasty is that process where a small balloon is inserted and inflated for stretching and opening a narrowed heart valve.
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) and Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD): Both of these are congenital defects. In ASD, the wall that separates the upper heart chambers (atria) does not close completely. The surgery here involves a placement of an ASD device into the heart through catheters. While in VSD, one or more holes in the wall that separates the right and left ventricle of the heart are closed by VSD device. In pre-natal stages, the right and left ventricles of a heart are not separate. As the foetus grows, a wall is formed for separating the two ventricles but if the wall does not form completely, a hole remains.
Apart from the above mentioned Paediatric Cardiac Surgeries, some of the others have been listed below
(Please note this is a tentative plan and actual Costs are based on reports shared. Final treatment plan and estimation will be provided after the patient has been evaluated.)